Introduction to Non-Formal Education Center (NFEC)
1. Milestones of NFEC
Non-formal Education Center, under the Ministry of Education and Sports (MOES), is one of the central level technical and professional agencies responsible primarily for literacy and non-formal education. This organization was set up as a central level agency in 1999 with a vision of creating literate society so that every member of the society can make remarkable contribution to uplifting quality of life and in turn building nation.
The Government of Nepal in 2013 for the first time started non-formal education program with an aim of making the people literate particularly in Nepali language. However, its need was already felt immediately after the establishment of the democracy in 2007 because only 3% of the people were literate in the country at that time. Similarly, the Seti Project implemented non-formal education program for 5 years in 2025. In 2001, the Ministry of Education executed women and child literacy programs through primary education project. These two projects ultimately led the Ministry to establish a separate organization responsible for planning and implementing of non-formal education programs. Non-Formal Education Center as a secretariat of the non-formal education council was established in 2059 responsible for planning and implementation of the programs.
1.2 Key mandates of the Center
The major mandate of Non-Formal Education Center is to upgrade and extend literacy, post literacy, and skill oriented activities by integrating different non-formal education programs.
The Center caries out several activities such as coordination of the process of formulating national policies and strategies in relation to non-formal education so as to provide the policy directives to program implementing agencies that are working in the field of non-formal education throughout the country. The center has formulated both short-term and long-term policies pertaining to national literacy. The Ministry has provided with a mandate of development, dissemination and distribution of curricula, training packages, IEC materials, textbooks and other related materials. The center is also serving as the secretariat of networking of the organizations involved in non-formal education programs. Its program are executed with a view to make 46% illiterate people literate of the country, as they cannot attend the formal school for education.
As the concept of non-formal education expanded to broader scene the center has also extended its activities and programs to the continuing education, open learning and distance learning.